What is motion smoothing and how do you turn it off? The TV 'soap opera effect' Tom Cruise, Christopher Nolan and Paul Thomas Anderson are waging war on

It may have made things crisper, sharper, brighter and more colourful, but the HD era in TV has also snuck in a curious motion quirk that can make big-budget movies look like they were lit and shot by the crew of American soap Days of Our Lives.

Motion interpolation or motion smoothing is the process in question, more commonly known as “the soap opera effect”.

Gizmodo has a nice summary of it:

“Motion smoothing is a feature on most modern TVs that is intended to correct hi-def screens” tendency to make objects in motion appear to be blurry. In order to do this, the TV processes one frame, then the next, and makes a guess on what a new frame that goes between them should look like. This can be very helpful if you’re watching a football game, for example, and you’re attempting to keep track of the ball in a wide landscape shot. It gives everything a crisp edge.’The function is helpful for stores trying to sell TVs, with sports and nature programmes often shown to entice customers. As such, motion smoothing tends to be on by default in showrooms.

But, in effectively creating new frames of footage, motion smoothing diverges from a filmmaker or TV director’s original work.

It has been a gripe for cinephiles and Hollywood directors for a few years now, but this week saw Tom Cruise cut a PSA warning viewers they may not be “watching movies the way the filmmakers intended”

A couple of months ago, there was a more formal objection in the form of a letter (via /Film) to members of the Directors Guild of America from the co-chairs of its Creative Rights Committee.

The letter states that ”it is important that we harness new technologies to ensure that the home viewers sees our work presented as closely as possible to our original creative intentions.

“To this end,” it continues, ”Christopher Nolan and Paul Thomas Anderson reached out to television manufacturers. By starting a dialogue with the manufacturers themselves we hope to try and give directors a voice in how the technical standards of our work can be maintained in the home.”

Interstellar director Nolan – one of the co-chairs who signed the letter – has been vocal in his defence of the cinema experience, and this move sees him accept the reality of home viewing but strive to keep it as close to the theatrical kind as possible.

It remains to be seen whether television companies will take heed of his words – The Independent has contacted Samsung, LG and Sony for comment – but in the meantime, if the function is bugging you, it is very easy to switch off.

Menu settings will vary from TV to TV, but motion smoothing – sometimes called “motion plus” or similar – can usually be found in the screen, display or picture section of menus, an option listed alongside things like brightness, aspect ratio and noise filter.

The ‘motion plus’ setting on a Samsung TV can be switched off

Read the letter in full:

“Dear Fellow Directors:


Many of you have seen your work appear on television screens looking different from the way you actually finished it. Modern televisions have extraordinary technical capabilities, and it is important that we harness these new technologies to ensure that the home viewer sees our work presented as closely as possible to our original creative intentions. To this end, Christopher Nolan and Paul Thomas Anderson reached out, via the studio UHD Alliance, to television manufacturers. By starting a dialogue with the manufacturers themselves we hope to try and give directors a voice in how the technical standards of our work can be maintained in the home. The short survey in this email is a first step towards both demonstrating to manufacturers just how much we care about the presentation of our work, and offering some indications of the most common causes for concern. Take the survey here: [Redacted]


Thanks for taking the time to complete it and return it to us, we feel there is a real possibility here to try and improve the situation.”

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